How to squeeze plastic trays into the big market

2022-08-17
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How to squeeze plastic pallets into the big market

with the promising prospect of plastic pallets, the equipment and technology level of domestic plastic pallet production enterprises has also been continuously improved in recent years. The picture shows the plastic pallet production line of an enterprise in Wuhan, Hubei Province

when carrying goods in a large supermarket, the one square meter board holding the goods is called a tray. Most people do not understand the role of pallets, but those engaged in the logistics of bulk petrochemical products know that pallets are the key to supporting this sky. Pallet is a horizontal platform for containerizing, stacking, handling and transporting goods. It is called movable ground and movable pallet by 3: regularly checking whether the connecting line of the rear panel of the controller is in good contact. It is the most inconspicuous but ubiquitous tool in the logistics industry. Although it is only one square meter in size, it can move the whole earth

pallets are generally made of wood, metal, fiberboard, plastic and other materials, especially plastic pallets. On March 10, 2009, the State Council announced the "logistics industry adjustment and revitalization plan", which provides a strong driving force for the development of the logistics industry. As a key product relying on the development of logistics industry, plastic pallet has also ushered in the era of its development

but what is unexpected is that the domestic plastic tray industry is not the protagonist supporting this sky

plastic pallets are marginalized

a recent survey by the Pallet Professional Committee of the China Federation of logistics and purchasing shows that there were 190million to 220million pallets in the national market in 2008, which is about three times higher than the results of the first survey (2002), that is, the use of pallets in China is increasing at a rate of 25million every year

in recent years, with the increasing voice of domestic environmental protection, coupled with the almost stringent inspection and quarantine requirements of Europe, the United States, Japan and other countries and regions on imported wooden packaging (including wooden pallets), the use of wooden pallets has been increasingly restricted to a large extent. Plastic pallets, with their excellent characteristics of wear resistance, corrosion resistance, light weight and complete recycling, have a promising development prospect, and are even praised as the best pallet variety in the industry. Some experts said that if the plastic pallets in developed countries account for half of the total pallets, the domestic demand for plastic pallets will reach at least 4million in the future. In terms of the current domestic production capacity of plastic pallets, it is expected to reach 4million in 5 to 10 years. Considering the renewal and development of plastic pallets, if 25million pallets are added every year nationwide, 10% of which are plastic pallets, that is, another 2.5 million plastic pallets will be added. According to the average price of 400 yuan per plastic pallet, the annual output value of plastic pallet alone is more than 1billion yuan

it is understood that as early as 1994, the relevant national departments issued the national standard for plastic flat pallets to vigorously promote the application of plastic pallets. In the following ten years, the relevant departments also vigorously promoted the replacement of wood with plastic and steel with plastic. However, the latest statistics show that although the market share of domestic plastic pallets has increased in recent years, wooden pallets still account for nearly 90% and plastic pallets only account for about 10%, still playing a marginal role. In developed countries, the market share of plastic pallets has reached 40%

on the one hand, the development of logistics industry has driven the demand for pallets to soar, and plastic pallets are widely favored; On the one hand, the domestic plastic tray market is developing slowly

cost is still a big problem

it is reasonable to say that plastic products are light, durable, adaptable and environmentally friendly. Why can't they compete with wooden products in China for so many years? We learned from the interview that the key is the cost

first, the plastic tray itself has high cost and high selling price. Due to the easy availability of raw materials and relatively simple manufacturing process, the cost of wooden pallets has been low. As for plastic pallets mainly produced by injection molding, not only the price of raw materials is affected by the fluctuation of international crude oil price, but also the development cost of injection mold has been high. According to the research of the pallet special committee, according to different varieties and specifications, the price of a wooden pallet (including pallet products of all specifications) on the market is between 40 and 400 yuan, generally around 100 yuan; The price of plastic tray is between 150 ~ 900 yuan, and the highest is even more than 1000 yuan. The price of plastic pallets with the same specification is at least twice that of wooden pallets, but it still needs to be improved in some areas. In particular, the price of raw materials for plastic pallets has risen with the recent rise in crude oil prices. While competing, cooperative enterprises have to raise the price of plastic pallets one after another. Wang Xueyi, director of the quality department of Shanghai Lika plastic pallet manufacturing Co., Ltd., told that for some small and medium-sized users, if they want to choose plastic pallets, the investment in one-time purchase of pallets is much higher, which some enterprises can't afford, which greatly affects the competitiveness of plastic pallets in front of wooden pallets. Therefore, only some strong enterprises choose to use plastic pallet products. But even in these large enterprises, in the daily loading and unloading process, plastic trays are often artificially damaged due to improper forklift operation, impact and rough placement. This also greatly shortens the service life of plastic pallets, thus increasing the purchase cost of plastic pallets and affecting the enthusiasm of users to continue to use plastic pallets

second, the poor promotion of standards is also a major factor leading to the high cost of plastic pallets. It is understood that China promulgated the national standard for plastic flat pallets as early as 1994, which stipulates the product classification, technical requirements, test methods, inspection rules and signs, transportation, storage and other basic requirements of plastic flat pallets, as well as the tray dimensions of four common specifications. However, the standard has not been effectively promoted and implemented after its promulgation, and many enterprises have not even implemented the standard for a long time. The main reason is that the standard can not meet the actual needs of enterprises. Because for plastic pallet enterprises, they are facing the reality of "products first, then pallets". Product specifications can only be formulated according to the needs of users, and enterprises can only meet the requirements of users as much as possible. According to rough statistics, so far, there are dozens of sizes and specifications of domestic spontaneous pallet products. The consequence is that because there is no unified production standard, enterprises mostly adopt the method of cutting materials according to the order, such as aramid and carbon, and the production cost will inevitably increase. In particular, the current specifications and standards of plastic pallets are not unified, so that the use of plastic pallets in China can not match the international transportation equipment, which increases the export cost of logistics enterprises, and some have to give up the use of plastic pallets. The enthusiasm of plastic tray manufacturers will decline, and even give up this market

the backward use mode also makes the advantages of plastic tray can not be brought into full play. Jin Wei, executive deputy director of the pallet special committee, told that at present, the plastic pallets of most enterprises are turnover within their own enterprises, and when products circulate among enterprises, most of them need to replace the pallets again, increasing unnecessary manual handling and loading for many times, reducing work efficiency and increasing use costs

we need to work together to solve the problem

we learned that at present, some domestic enterprises are trying to solve the problem of high cost

luxiaozhong, general manager of Beijing Philips environmental protection plastic Technology Co., Ltd., told that they were stepping up the introduction of new material plastic pallet products, such as using waste plastic to produce pallets, in order to reduce the cost of products. It is understood that the company is a pallet enterprise just established in 2009, which is jointly established by Beijing Institute of petrochemical technology and China Renewable Resources Development Co., Ltd. Relying on the recycling technology of municipal waste separation and mixed waste plastics developed by Beijing Institute of petrochemical technology, the company uses waste plastic products to manufacture plastic pallets. This kind of pallet made of waste plastic fully meets the logistics needs of general public goods. However, because the content of harmful substances such as heavy metals in this tray has not been accurately detected, it can not be applied in the logistics process of daily consumer goods such as food and drugs, but with the further research and development of technology, these problems can be completely solved

compared with the wood pallet production process, the plastic pallet equipment has a higher degree of automation, which can realize large-scale production, and then reduce the production cost of plastic pallet. But the premise is to have a unified pallet standard. Therefore, the problem of unified standards can be solved, and the problem of high cost can also be solved. Fortunately, the Pallet Professional Committee of China Federation of logistics and purchasing has made efforts to establish a research group for the revision of pallet national standards composed of experts and enterprises in transportation, railway, packaging and other industries, and formed a new pallet national standard on the basis of in-depth research and extensive consultation. With the approval of the General Administration of quality supervision, quarantine and inspection and the China National Standardization Administration, the new national standard for plastic pallets was officially implemented on March 1st, 2008. However, according to industry insiders, so far, the promotion effect of the new standard has not fully appeared

professor wuqingyi, vice president of China Federation of logistics and purchasing, said that another way to solve the high cost is to improve the utilization efficiency of plastic pallets. An investigation by the pallet special committee found that due to the restriction of the turnover mode of plastic pallets, enterprise products spent a lot of transportation costs in the circulation process. According to experts' estimates, if the standardization of pallets and the sharing system of plastic pallets are established, the logistics cost in China can be reduced by 1% - 1.5%, that is, the logistics cost in China can be saved by 100-150 billion yuan per year. Wu Qingyi therefore proposed to promote the tray sharing system. The so-called pallet sharing system refers to the establishment of a special pallet operation company, the establishment of pallet recycling points, responsible for the unified maintenance of pallets. The pallet using enterprise will return the empty pallet to the nearest recycling point and pay the necessary rent after delivering the goods to the final destination by means of leasing. The establishment of pallet sharing system can effectively implement the consistent operation of pallets, improve the transportation proportion of palletized goods, and is conducive to the promotion and application of standard pallets

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