How to strengthen the instrument industry in Zheji

2022-08-16
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How can Zhejiang strengthen the instrument industry

now Zhejiang has become a major instrument and meter Province in China, and its total industrial output value, sales revenue, total profits and taxes, export delivery value and other indicators rank first among all provinces (regions and cities) in the country

the original foundation of Zhejiang instrument industry was poor. In the early 1980s, there were only 42 instrument and meter enterprises in Zhejiang, with a total industrial output value of less than 100million yuan and a total profit and tax of less than 30million yuan. After 20 years of development, the overall quality of the industry has been significantly improved. In the first half of 2003, only 25 key enterprises in Zhejiang achieved a total industrial output value of 7.218 billion yuan and a sales revenue of 8.197 billion yuan, an increase of 33.7% and 29.8% respectively over the same period of last year; Profits and taxes reached 1.01 billion yuan, of which the profit was 752 million yuan, an increase of 15.6% and 13.4% respectively; Export earned foreign exchange of 86.14 million US dollars, an increase of 20.8%. Now Zhejiang has become a major instrument and meter Province in China, and its total industrial output value, sales revenue, total profits and taxes, export delivery value and other indicators rank first among all provinces (regions and cities) in the country

through adjustment and development, the instrument industry in Zhejiang Province has formed 19 Enterprises with a total industrial output value of more than 100 million yuan (including 2 enterprises with an obvious advantage of more than 30 billion yuan), becoming the main force and pillar of the whole industry. The production concentration of the top 10 enterprises in the industry reached 60%, and the key backbone enterprises played a significant role. In particular, the output of electricity meters and water meters in Zhejiang Province accounts for more than two-thirds of the total output of the country, and its advantage is more prominent

enterprises have vitality and products have markets

in the instrument and meter industry in Zhejiang, small and medium-sized enterprises account for the vast majority. A number of small enterprises, according to their own characteristics, develop their strengths and avoid their weaknesses, adhere to the development path of small and specialized, small and refined, small and special, and become a quite dynamic group of small enterprises in the industry. According to the statistics of 30 small-sized enterprises in Zhejiang with an average profit and tax of more than 10000 yuan, each of them has an average of 157 employees, a per capita sales income of 226600 yuan, and a per capita profit and tax of 38300 yuan, both higher than ordinary enterprises, and their scientific research achievement conversion rate is also much higher than ordinary enterprises

with the deepening of opening to the outside world and the introduction of a series of national incentive policies, the export of instruments and meters in Zhejiang province continues to expand, and the export varieties and regions also have new developments. Torque motors and pilot valves are regularly cleaned and replaced. In 2002, 28 key enterprises in Zhejiang Province earned US $157million in export foreign exchange. Some enterprises also set up factories abroad, established production bases and carried out overseas local processing trade

although the instrument and meter industry in Zhejiang has developed rapidly in recent years, it must also be clearly aware that the vast majority of enterprises are basically following a low-cost expansion path, which is being increasingly challenged. Due to low-cost expansion, the threshold of capital and technology is relatively low, which makes many enterprises increasingly fall into a low-level and excessive competition situation. Due to the low-cost expansion, it mainly relies on cheap labor, which affects the absorption of talents by enterprises, the improvement of the quality of the whole workforce, and the improvement of the technical level of enterprises, so it is difficult to form lasting competitiveness. Then there is the unreasonable product structure, the overall technical content of the product is low, and the grade is not high. A few years ago, the large-scale construction and transformation of urban and rural electricity in China stimulated the sharp expansion of the number and scale of watt hour meter manufacturers. Zhejiang company has products in the field of experimental machines in the machinery industry. The number of watt hour meter manufacturers with metrological production licenses in Jiangsu Province increased to more than 100, and the output of watt hour meters exceeded 80million, accounting for more than two-thirds of the total output of the country, Many economic indicators account for more than half of the instrumentation industry in Zhejiang Province. With the basic completion of urban and rural electricity construction, the production capacity of watt hour meters is surplus and the demand is declining, which not only brings a great impact to watt hour meter manufacturers, but also restricts and makes it difficult for the sustainable development of instrument and meter industry in Zhejiang Province

according to the national industrial policy and in combination with the actual situation of Zhejiang Province, the instrument and meter industry of Zhejiang Province proposes to take science and technology as the guide, market as the guide, structural adjustment as the main line, quality and efficiency as the center, promote the transformation of production mode from quantity expansion to quality improvement, mainly from low-cost expansion to differential competitive advantage, and enhance the overall quality and market competitiveness of the whole industry, Make Zhejiang from a big instrument province to a strong province

development trend and measures

first, strengthen quality management and vigorously improve product quality. Since most instruments and meters are used for production process detection and control, or continuous monitoring, the reliability of products is particularly important, and the current quality problems of instruments and meters are also prominently reflected in reliability. Compared with foreign countries, the performance gap of many of our products is not very large, but the problems of stability and reliability limit the scope of use and reliability, which should be solved

second, promote scientific and technological progress and constantly improve innovation ability. Instrumentation is an industry that is very sensitive to new technologies, but its R & D efforts are strengthened, and its product renewal cycle is short. Therefore, we should vigorously strengthen scientific and technological forces and improve innovation ability. We should strengthen the combination of production, study and research, carry out technology introduction and joint venture cooperation. Selectively introduce foreign advanced technology, key equipment and funds from a high starting point, speed up the shortening of the gap with foreign countries, and enhance market competitiveness through the promotion of import and export and the combination of technology and trade

third, accelerate structural adjustment and promote industrial upgrading. In the adjustment of industrial structure, all qualified enterprises should lose no time to shift from low-cost competition to the track of cultivating differentiated competitive advantage. However, for many small and medium-sized enterprises, low-cost competition is still the main mode of survival and development in the future, but efforts should be made to shorten this process

according to the principle of "focusing on the large and releasing the small", strive to cultivate and establish a number of large enterprise groups with strong innovation ability and core competitiveness, and become the core and main force of the industry. Many small and medium-sized enterprises should adhere to the development path of "specialization, refinement, specialty and innovation", reduce repeated production and implement staggered development. Through efforts, some will develop into new technology-based enterprises, and some will become "small giants"

fourth, expand international markets and expand product exports. Nowadays, the world is undergoing a major adjustment of industrial structure. Developed countries have transferred labor-intensive products to developing countries, which provides an opportunity for China's export of bulk traditional products. Enterprises should seize the opportunity, implement the "going out" strategy, strive to improve product quality and grade, and increase the variety and scope of export products. Especially for watt hour meters, the domestic market is oversupplied, and we have cost and resource advantages. We need to explore markets abroad to find a way. Qualified enterprises should go abroad to establish production bases

fifth, pay attention to talent training and comprehensively improve the quality of employees. The instrument industry is a high-tech industry with advanced development. It needs not only a large number of talents, but also high requirements and diversity. The proportion of professionals in the instrument and meter industry in Zhejiang Province is low, which is not only lower than the national peers, but also lower than the average level of the machinery industry in the province, which has become a serious constraint to the sustainable development of enterprises. We must adopt various methods and channels to cultivate and introduce required talents. We should establish a fair, competitive, incentive and selective employment mechanism, create an environment conducive to the emergence of talents, and establish three teams of management talents, scientific and technological talents and high skilled talents as soon as possible

source: Kexun

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